As frustrating as they may be, it is common for dark spots to appear after you have been traveling, especially if you have been spending more time out in the sun. When the skin is exposed to the sun for prolonged periods of time, it produces an excess amount of melanin, which then leads to uneven pigmentation. There are a few different types of dark spots that can be caused after travel, from sun spots to melasma to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and while there may not be a quick fix for many cases, there are certain things that you can do to encourage an even and bright complexion.
Prevent Dark Spots from Worsening
Whatever the cause of your dark spots may be, the one thing that you definitely do not want happening is for them to become even darker, or even for more dark spots to appear. Needless to say, more sun exposure is only going to make the dark spots worse, so it is important to limit the amount of time you spend in the sun, making sure that you remain in the shade when the sun is at its peak strength. This is usually between 11 am and 2 pm, but it does depend on where you live. You also need to be using a broad spectrum sunscreen every day without fail, even if you only plan on staying indoors, as the sun’s rays are stronger than you would imagine, and easily pierce through thick clouds and glass windows.
Exfoliation will ensure that you are regularly removing the layer of dead skin cells that build up on the surface of the skin. Without regular exfoliation, your pores will become clogged up, meaning that any subsequent creams or treatments that you apply to your skin to target your dark spots will not actually be fully absorbed, restricting the benefits that you could have otherwise been enjoying. There are many different ways to exfoliate, from using an exfoliating scrub to using a cream that contains alpha hydroxy acids, so choose the method that works best for your particular skin type.
Treating the Dark Spots
There are many ingredients that can treat pigmentation, meaning that there are a whole array of products on the market targeted at treating dark spots. Kojic acid, which comes from a variety of fungi, has incredible properties when it comes to treating dark spots, so this is a fantastic ingredient to keep an eye out for on the ingredient list. Vitamin B3 is another great ingredient at fading dark spots, as is vitamin C, which promotes the production of collagen and encourages skin to heal. Regularly using a brightening peel is also a good way to reduce the overall visibility of dark spots.
Dark spots can often be difficult to deal with, especially if you have just been traveling, which is why prevention is always better than cure. If you have already followed all of these steps and your dark spots just do not seem to be improving, then it may be time to speak to a professional about further options that are available.